HISTORY OF HERCEG NOVI REGION
The historical development of Herceg Novi region can be traced back to Illyrians, the first known inhabitants of this region. Owing to the reconnaissance of the terrain, several rises were registered: Vrbanj, Krusevica and Lustica.
From the 5th century BC to the 3rd century BC, the influence of Greek culture is significant and by the conquest of this territory in the 2nd century BC by the Romans, the influence of Roman culture comes into play.
Since 476, the next six centuries dominates the power of Byzantium.
In the 7th century, with arrival of the Slavs, in this part of the Littoral, there is the parish of Dracevica, which places along the coast were connected by the important road Via Adriatica, with which the parish was connected in the east with Dukly and in the west with Konavle and Travunia.
In the 10th century, Dracevica fell under the authority of Zeta’s princes and in the time of Nemanjici, it makes a whole with Hum and Travunia.
In 1382, the Bosnian king Tvrtko I laid the foundations of the city and gave it the name Saint Stefan. At that time, as the youngest city in this part of the Adriatic, it was also called Novi, Castrum Novum and Castelnuovo.
Herceg Stjepan Vukcić Kosaca, creates a city settlement from Saint Stefan and today’s name Herceg Novi is named after him.
PHOTO LAFOREST HERCEG NOVI
The city passes in hands of the Turks in 1482. Their reign lasts two centuries, until 1687 when it was conquered by the Venetians.
With the fall of Venice, the Austrian rule took place at the end of 1797 till 1806, when the Russian ships under the command of Admiral Senjavin entered the Boka Bay.
By the p Peace in Tilzit in 1807, Herceg Novi and the whole Boka were joined to the France until May 1814, when the Austrian army took over the city for the next year, until the Vienna Congress. The Consulate General of Trieste and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies appoints the citizen of Herceg Novi as consular agent in Herceg Novi.
Since 70s of the 19th century, the Italian language has been replaced by national language in courts, administration and schools. The city gets its coat of arms, the municipal home and the right to use its flag, besides the Austrian flag.
After the end of World War I, this region became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and after the Second World War, in a free country, self-governing socialist Yugoslavia, Herceg Novi, like our other regions, has overtaken the ages.
Forte Mare Fortress
Nowadays, Herceg Novi is among the most important tourist destinations in Montenegro.
Natural beauty and geographical position, climate and vegetation have conditioned that the tourism industry is its present and its future.
“Herceg Novi with surroundings” Marija Crnic Pejovic